(e.g. memory and attention)- Familiar, personally preferred music can access autobiographical (personal) memories. Further, listening to and engaging in musical activities can enhance attention and facilitate expressive language.
2. Motor skills
(verbal and motor fluency)- Rhythmic music and synchronising physical movements with others can facilitate movement.
3. Psychosocial functions
(mood and identity)- Favourite songs promote reminiscence which can enhance the sense of self.
(agitation and social withdrawal)- Being part of a group music program encourages individuals to socialise. In addition, employing musical exercises that facilitate social interaction, such as playing music in synchrony with each other, allows for social bonding.